TURN-TAKING MECHANISM IN TVRI “ENGLISH CORNER SHOW” Oleh ROSIDAH ANAS

CHAPTER I
INTRODUCTION
A. Background
Communication is a social activity requiring the coordinated efforts of two or more individuals. Mere talk to produce sentences, no matter how well formed or elegant the outcome, does not by it self constitute communication. Only when a move has elicited a response can we say communication is taking place. To participate in such verbal exchanges, that is, to create and sustain conversational involvement, we require knowledge and abilities which go considerably beyond the grammatical competence we need to decode short isolated messages. We do not and cannot automatically respond to everything we hear. In the course of our daily activities we are exposed to a multitude of signals, many more than we could possibly have time to react to. Before even deciding to take part in an interaction is about and what is expected of us. For example, we must be able to agree on whether we are just chatting to pass the time, exchanging anecdotes or experiences, or whether the intent is to explore the details of particular issues. Once involved in a conversation, both speaker and hearer must actively respond to what transpires by signaling involvement, either directly through words or indirectly through gestures or similar nonverbal signals. The response, moreover, should relate to what we think the speaker intends, rather than to literal meanings of the words used.
Turn taking is mostly occurred in conversation that taken into consideration became interaction between the speakers and hearers. In many formal situations, such as committee meetings and debates, there are often explicit markers showing that a speaker is about to hold and pass the floor and indicating who speak next. This can happen in informal situation too, but there taking cues are usually more subtle.
Based on explanation above, I am interested to analyze spoken interaction (conversation), that is language point of view. This research is only focuses on turn taking mechanism, that makes this thesis entitled Turn Taking Mechanism in TVRI English Corner Show.
B. Problem Statement
Based on the background above, the writer put the problem statement as follows :
1. How do the speakers in “English Corner program” take turn?
2. What are the turn signals used in “English Corner Show” turn-taking mechanism?
3. Is there any influence of the first language culture in the way of people in “English Corner Show” doing turn-taking.
C. Objective of the Research
This writing is aimed to find out :
1. Turn taking mechanism between the speakers in “English Corner program”.
2. The turn signals used in “English Corner program” turn taking mechanism.
3. The influence of the first language culture in the way of people in “English Corner Show” doing turn-taking.
D. Significance of the Research
The result of this research can be useful for :
1. Teachers, this will encourage them to teach better by learning how to use turn taking in order to make the class alive.
2. Students, to increase their know ledges of turn-taking mechanism and how to use it in their daily spoken especially their English.
E. Scope of the Research
In this research, used conversational analysis as one analysis in language teaching. And the writer focuses this writing on turn taking mechanism.

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